Innovation policy is not only about developing new technological applications but also about the purpose which those applications serve, namely addressing the challenges facing society. So we need to make the values perspective central to experimentation in actual practice.
It is important to see ethics not as a separate or final element of innovation programmes but as an integral part of them. So the challenge is to make shared public values the basic principle.
Ask the right questions
In case of dealing with a pandemic like COVID-19 it’s important to ask ourselves: what is it that we really want and need? And then discuss how technology can be of help.
Apps can certainly be part of the package - but that’s not an inevitable choice. The underlying question is: what is the problem we need to find a solution for?